26 February 2024 The Future is the Product of the Past

Ancient rubbish dump under Hatshepsut temple reveals hundreds of artifacts

Polish archaeologists uncovered a 3,500-year-old dump while working on the reconstruction of the Hathor Goddess Chapel, which is part of the  Hatshepsut Temple complex in Egypt.

Figures of gods and donors were among the presents to Hathor, as were cups, ceramic flasks with breast designs, painted plates and bowls with plants motifs, all signifying rebirth from the Land of the Dead.

Several dozen female figurines were unearthed in the tomb, concealed under a garbage pile that had been undisturbed since ancient times.

Dr. Patryk Chudzik, Excavation head at the Hatshepsut temple, from the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology of the University of Warsaw, said, “We were afraid that the work we were doing might cause the ceiling of the tomb to collapse, so we wanted to protect it. Once inside, however, it turned out that the wreckage had never been inspected and cleaned as it lay on top of a cemetery. about half a meter high.”

Fragment of a coffin from the later burial of a woman. M.Jawornicki       Save draft Preview Publish      Image: Change block type or style   Change alignment   ▲ 🤝 ▲ Add title Ancient rubbish dump under Hatshepsut temple reveals hundreds of Goddess’s artifacts dating back thousands of years Polish archaeologists uncovered a 3,500-year-old dump while working on the reconstruction of the Hathor Goddess Chapel, which is part of the  Hatshepsut Temple complex in Egypt.  Figures of gods and donors were among the presents to Hathor, as were cups, ceramic flasks with breast designs, painted plates and bowls with plants motifs, all signifying rebirth from the Land of the Dead.  Several dozen female figurines were unearthed in the tomb, concealed under a garbage pile that had been undisturbed since ancient times.  Dr. Patryk Chudzik, Excavation head at the Hatshepsut temple, from the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology of the University of Warsaw, said, "We were afraid that the work we were doing might cause the ceiling of the tomb to collapse, so we wanted to protect it. Once inside, however, it turned out that the wreckage had never been inspected and cleaned as it lay on top of a cemetery. about half a meter high."   Image Upload an image file, pick one from your media library, or add one with a URL. UploadMedia Library Insert from URL Therefore, before starting to strengthen the ceiling, it was necessary to excavate. As a result, several hundred items were discovered among the rubble - some of them remain of burial equipment from the early Middle Kingdom. Thus, it was about 500 years older than the Temple of Hatshepsut. However, most of the remains found are from later times, possibly from the early 18th dynasty, namely the New Kingdom period.  “The votive offerings were left by local residents asking Hathor for her support.”  Hathor, one of Ancient Egypt's most venerated gods, is well-known from reliefs in Hatshepsut's temple and Egyptian mythology, where she is frequently shown as a cow or as a lady with cow ears.  Researchers discovered small stone statues depicting women who are believed to be votive gifts designed to please the goddess Hathor.  Dr. Chudzik believes that these items were placed in the  Chapel of Hathor by local Egyptians thousands of years ago, but due to the large number, the temple administrator had to clean them up, resulting in a pile of rubbish.  Who exactly the tomb belonged to remains a mystery, but Dr. Chudzik said: "In antiquity, the tomb fell into the hands of robbers. His equipment must have been valuable because he was a person closely related to the pharaoh Mentuhotep II. - possibly his son or wife"  Hundreds of objects were found in the mound. In the fill were many painted pots and bowls from the 18th Dynasty,  which has left the researchers puzzled as to how they got there so long after the tomb was built.  Interestingly, among the rubble lying in the tomb were blocks from the sanctuary of Amun, one of the most important parts of the Hatshepsut temple.  "We have no idea why they were put in the tomb. But we do know that we will succeed in putting some of them in their original place, in the temple area," Dr. Chudzik said.  The Polish researchers concluded that they were offerings offered by worshipers and priests at the Hathor shrine, which is located above and belongs to Hatshepsut's temple.  The temple was a mortuary temple constructed during the time of Pharaoh Hatshepsut, who reigned from 1507 to 1458 BC. It is considered a marvel of ancient architecture and is located opposite the city of Luxor.  For almost 60 years, Polish archaeologists have worked in the Temple of Hatshepsut. Professor Kazimierz Michalowski, the pioneer of Polish archaeology, led an expedition to document and preserve the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut in 1961.  Cover Photo: The artifacts, given as offerings to Hathor, included small figurines depicting the goddess. M.Jawornicki  PAP Toggle panel: Yoast SEO SEO Readability Schema Social Focus keyphraseHelp on choosing the perfect focus keyphrase(Opens in a new browser tab) ancient rubbish dump Get related keyphrases(Opens in a new browser window)  Google preview Preview as: Mobile resultDesktop result Url preview:arkeonews.net ›SEO title preview: Ancient rubbish dump under Hatshepsut temple reveals hundreds of Goddess’s ... Meta description preview: Nov 24, 2021 - Polish archaeologists uncovered a 3,500-year-old dump while working on the reconstruction of the Hathor Goddess Chapel, which is part of the Hatshepsut ... SEO title Insert variable Title Page Separator Site title  Site title Title Primary category Separator  Slug Meta description Insert variable Polish archaeologists uncovered a 3,500-year-old dump while working on the reconstruction of the Hathor Goddess Chapel, which is part of the  Hatshepsut Temple complex. Site title Title Primary category Separator   SEO analysisOK ancient rubbish dump  Add related keyphrase  Cornerstone content  Advanced Toggle panel: Video, Audio embed Add a featured video/audio to the post instead of featured image. Paste a video/audio embed code:  Toggle panel: Schema & Structured Data on this post Setup Schema Custom Schema Post Block  Image Insert an image to make a visual statement.  Styles  This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is MtBlanc1.jpg Mont Blanc appears—still, snowy, and serene. Default  This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is MtBlanc1.jpg Mont Blanc appears—still, snowy, and serene. Rounded Default Style  Not set  Advanced Skip to the selected block Open publish panel Document Image Notifications9 results found, use up and down arrow keys to navigate.Copied!Select Files Close dialog Select or Upload Media Upload filesMedia Library Filter mediaFilter by date All dates Search Media list Showing 80 of 2801 media items  Load more ATTACHMENT DETAILS  Fragment-of-a-coffin-from-the-later-burial-of-a-woman.-min-scaled.jpeg November 24, 2021 478 KB 2560 by 1920 pixels Original image: Fragment-of-a-coffin-from-the-later-burial-of-a-woman.-min.jpeg Edit Image Delete permanently Alt Text Describe the purpose of the image(opens in a new tab). Leave empty if the image is purely decorative.Title Fragment of a coffin from the later burial of a woman. -min Caption Description File URL: https://arkeonews.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Fragment-of-a-coffin-from-the-later-burial-of-a-woman.-min-scaled.jpeg Copy URL to clipboard Selected media actionsSelect.  M.Jawornicki
Fragment of a coffin from the later burial of a woman. M.Jawornicki

Therefore, before starting to strengthen the ceiling, it was necessary to excavate. As a result, several hundred items were discovered among the rubble – some of them remain of burial equipment from the early Middle Kingdom. Thus, it was about 500 years older than the Temple of Hatshepsut. However, most of the remains found are from later times, possibly from the early 18th dynasty, namely the New Kingdom period.

“The votive offerings were left by local residents asking Hathor for her support.”

Hathor, one of Ancient Egypt’s most venerated gods, is well-known from reliefs in Hatshepsut’s temple and Egyptian mythology, where she is frequently shown as a cow or as a lady with cow ears.

Also found was a wooden carving of a man thought to be the tomb owner. M.Jawornicki
Also found was a wooden carving of a man thought to be the tomb owner. M.Jawornicki

Researchers discovered small stone statues depicting women who are believed to be votive gifts designed to please the goddess Hathor.

Dr. Chudzik believes that these items were placed in the  Chapel of Hathor by local Egyptians thousands of years ago, but due to the large number, the temple administrator had to clean them up, resulting in a pile of rubbish.

Who exactly the tomb belonged to remains a mystery, but Dr. Chudzik said: “In antiquity, the tomb fell into the hands of robbers. His equipment must have been valuable because he was a person closely related to the pharaoh Mentuhotep II. – possibly his son or wife”

The rubble in the tomb under the Hatshepsut temple. Dr Patryk Chudzik
The rubble in the tomb under the Hatshepsut temple. Dr. Patryk Chudzik

Hundreds of objects were found in the mound. In the fill were many painted pots and bowls from the 18th Dynasty,  which has left the researchers puzzled as to how they got there so long after the tomb was built.

Interestingly, among the rubble lying in the tomb were blocks from the sanctuary of Amun, one of the most important parts of the Hatshepsut temple.

“We have no idea why they were put in the tomb. But we do know that we will succeed in putting some of them in their original place, in the temple area,” Dr. Chudzik said.

Dr. Patryk Chudzik from the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology of the University of Warsaw, said: “The votive offerings were left by local residents asking Hathor for her support.”
Dr. Patryk Chudzik from the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology of the University of Warsaw, said: “The votive offerings were left by local residents asking Hathor for her support.”

The Polish researchers concluded that they were offerings offered by worshipers and priests at the Hathor shrine, which is located above and belongs to Hatshepsut’s temple.

The temple was a mortuary temple constructed during the time of Pharaoh Hatshepsut, who reigned from 1507 to 1458 BC. It is considered a marvel of ancient architecture and is located opposite the city of Luxor.

For almost 60 years, Polish archaeologists have worked in the Temple of Hatshepsut. Professor Kazimierz Michalowski, the pioneer of Polish archaeology, led an expedition to document and preserve the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut in 1961.

Cover Photo: The artifacts, given as offerings to Hathor, included small figurines depicting the goddess. M.Jawornicki

PAP

Related Articles

Archaeologists discovered 22 mummies wrapped in bundles, mainly children and newborns in Peru

7 December 2023

7 December 2023

The mummified burials of 22 people, mostly young children and newborn babies, were found in the Peruvian town of Barranca...

2000-year-old Genuine Pompeii marble relief installed in a wall lining the staircase leading down to the basement in a Belgium home

22 December 2023

22 December 2023

An important marble relief depicting the earthquake of 62 AD, stolen from the ruins of ancient Pompeii in Italy in...

A cave painting found in Egyptian Sahara depicts a nativity scene 3,000 years before Jesus’ Birth

21 December 2023

21 December 2023

5,000-year-old rock art depicting the oldest nativity scene ever found has been found in Egypt’s Sahara Desert: A newborn between...

Archaeologists have unearthed a stone chest containing the ritual deposit of 15 anthropomorphic figurines

1 September 2023

1 September 2023

Archaeologists have unearthed a stone chest containing the ritual deposit of 15 anthropomorphic figurines that were placed as votive offerings...

Archaeologists find 4 Umayyad epigraphs in the ancient city Knidos

24 May 2022

24 May 2022

Archaeological excavations in the ancient city of Knidos connected to Datça District of Muğla province in western Turkey have unearthed...

Zeugma of the Black Sea to be will Restore

8 February 2021

8 February 2021

Hadrianaupolis Antique City is located 3 km west of Eskiyapar district of Karabük. This ancient city has been known as...

45,000 years ago, Neanderthals in the Swabian Jura used complex tool-making techniques

13 September 2021

13 September 2021

Findings that will change our perception of Neanderthals’ sophistication A team from the University of Tübingen have proved that Middle...

A 2000-year-old Rare Artifact was Found Near Poltava

25 May 2021

25 May 2021

Scarab beetle pendant found near the Ukrainian city of Poltava. During the building of the H-31 motorway in the Poltava...

The Catacombs of Commodilla in Rome will open to the public for the first time

21 September 2022

21 September 2022

The fourth-century Catacombs of Commodilla in Rome’s Garbatella district will reopen to the public soon after the Vatican’s Pontifical Commission...

1900 years old a Customs Inscription from the Lycian civilization reveals Anatolia’s strategic importance in maritime trade

16 September 2023

16 September 2023

A Customs Inscription from the Lycian civilization, located in Andriake port in the southern province of Antalya’s Demre district, tells...

Exceptional discovery of a fully frescoed chamber tomb dating back to the Republican and Imperial Roman ages

10 October 2023

10 October 2023

Waterworks in Giugliano, a suburb of Campania (Naples), have uncovered an untouched chamber tomb full of frescoes ceilings, and walls...

First European farmers’ heights did not meet expectations

9 April 2022

9 April 2022

A combined study of genetics and skeletal remains shows that the switch from primarily hunting, gathering and foraging to farming...

2,000-year-old altar found in Alexandria Troas

9 October 2021

9 October 2021

A 2,000-year-old altar was unearthed during the ongoing excavations in the ancient city of Alexandria Troas, in a region close...

“Land of the Thousand Temples” Kancheepuram in India

20 May 2021

20 May 2021

Kancheepuram, one of the most sacred and religious Hindu pilgrim centers in India is also called the ‘Land of the...

When the waters receded, the mounds of Pulur Sakyol and Yeniköy, bearing the traces of Kura-Aras Culture, came to light

8 December 2021

8 December 2021

The important cultural areas of Pulur Sakyol and Yeniköy mounds, which bear the traces of Kura-Aras Culture, represented by kurgans...