9 August 2022 The Future is the Product of the Past

Excavation of the Temple of Athena Began in the Ancient City of Aigai

The foundations of the Temple of Athena were unearthed during the ongoing excavations in the ancient city of Aigai, located near the modern village of Yuntdagi Köseler in the province of Manisa, Turkey.

Aigai Ancient City, one of the 12 cities founded by the Aiol people, is also known as an important religious site. Archeological, data show that one of the most important gods in the city was Apollo.

Although the location of the Temple of Apollo was known before, the Temple of Athena could not be found until this year’s excavations.

Very similar to the temple of Athena in Pergamon

Manisa Celal Bayar University Faculty of Arts and Sciences Archeology Department lecturer Associate Professor Yusuf Sezgin stated that the main point of the excavations this year was the discovery of the Temple of Athena, and said that they finally reached the foundations of the temple.

Pointing out that the Temple of Athena and other artifacts were greatly affected by this destruction, especially during the Byzantine Empire, when works belonging to the pagan faith were destroyed by Christian groups, Yusuf Sezgin said to AA correspondent.

Aigai Ancient City, Turkey
Photo: Ahmet Bayram/AA

“This is one of the most important points of the city. The people living in this region in ancient times were pagan, that is, polytheistic. There are two important gods and goddesses for Aigai. One of them is Athena and the other is Apollo. The temple of Apollo in the city is also very important, we knew its location, but we did not know the location of the temple of Athena. Especially in the studies we carried out this year, we encountered many finds related to the goddess Athena. Based on the finds we obtained in this respect, we can say that this temple was dedicated to the goddess Athena. This place is very similar to the temple of Athena in Pergamon. It’s almost exactly the same in terms of the plan.”

Pointing out that the finds were gifts brought from all over the world and presented to the goddess since the 5th century BC, Sezgin emphasized that especially the vases brought from Athens devoted to the goddess.

An arched structure of access to the cavea of the Aigai theater.
An arched structure of access to the cavea of the Aigai theater.

Sand clam ritual in the ancient city

Sezgin said that he considers the mussel remains from the excavations to be very valuable and said, “While digging the foundations of the temple, we found the remains of a meal eaten there in the original foundation filling. The remains of this dish were the remains of the clam, which we call ‘aquvadis’. It was obviously left in the filling as the remains of the food eaten during the construction there. This is a deliberate relic. It’s a ritual, those scraps are left there because they consider them sacred. I think the leftovers of the food eaten by construction workers in ancient times are very valuable.” used the phrases.

The ancient city, whose name comes from the Greek word “aíga” (goat), is often referred to as “the city of goats”. The people of Aigai used coins with goats minted on them and regularly engaged in the trade of goods produced from goat hair, bones, and skin.

Excavations in the ancient city began in 2004 and have yielded numerous important discoveries, including a temple dedicated to the goddess Demeter, a stadium, a theater, and a three-story agora.

Aigai became a regional point of economic and cultural attraction during the Hellenistic period in the 3rd century B.C. with the support of the Kingdom of Pergamon.

Banner
Related Post

Archaeologists have discovered the origins a Herefordshire Stone Age monument

22 August 2021

22 August 2021

Archaeologists have finally uncovered the mysterious origins of Arthur’s Stone, named after the mysterious legends of King Arthur, who inspired...

Venice of the Pacific: The mysterious Micronesian ruins of Nan Madol

12 July 2022

12 July 2022

Sometimes art and architecture challenge our perceptions of what was formerly thought to be feasible and what our forefathers were...

Neo-Assyrian underground complex discovered under a house in southeastern Turkey

11 May 2022

11 May 2022

An underground Iron Age complex has been found in Turkey that may have been used by a fertility cult during...

Analysis of 13,000-Year-Old Bones Reveals Violent Raids in Prehistoric ‘Jebel Sahaba’

28 May 2021

28 May 2021

Since its discovery in the 1960s, the 13-millennium-old Jebel Sahaba cemetery (Nile Valley, Sudan) has been regarded as one of...

A 4000-Year-Old Trading Port was Discovered in Istanbul

4 May 2021

4 May 2021

Archaeological excavations carried out on a peninsula in the middle of Istanbul Küçükçekmece Lake unearthed a very important 4,000-year-old trade...

A pendant made of mammoth bone with ‘mysterious dots’ could be the oldest known example of ornate jewelry in Eurasia

26 November 2021

26 November 2021

The fragments of an ancient pendant made of mammoth ivory were unearthed in Poland, and are regarded to be the...

Iron Age Warriors Bend the Swords of Their Defeated Enemies

22 April 2021

22 April 2021

Archaeologists from the Westphalia-Lippe Regional Association (LWL) announced that a metal detector has discovered “one of the largest Iron Age...

New Neolithic structure unearthed at Tas-Silġ in Malta

8 October 2021

8 October 2021

Archaeologists excavating at Tas-Silġ in Marsaxlokk have discovered the remains of another Neolithic structure, Heritage Malta said. The discovery substantially...

Grave Goods Show Gendered Roles for Neolithic Age

16 April 2021

16 April 2021

Grave goods, such as stone tools, have revealed that Neolithic farmers had different work-related activities for men and women. Researchers...

Incredible Mayan Inventions and Achievements

31 July 2022

31 July 2022

The Mayans excelled at agriculture, pottery, writing, calendars, and arithmetic, leaving an incredible quantity of spectacular architecture and symbolic artwork...

Iron Age and Roman Skeletons Discovered on Alderney

19 May 2021

19 May 2021

Well-preserved skeletons from the late Iron Age and Roman periods were found in Alderney, one of the channel islands. The...

New Huge Viking-age boat grave discovered by Radar in Norway

12 April 2022

12 April 2022

Archaeologists have located a boat grave from the Viking Age near Øyesletta in Norway during a ground-penetrating radar (GPR) survey....

9 Relics of Neanderthal Found in The Guattari Cave

8 May 2021

8 May 2021

Archaeologists in Italy have discovered the remains of nine Neanderthals who were reportedly killed and mauled by hyenas in their...

First European farmers’ heights did not meet expectations

9 April 2022

9 April 2022

A combined study of genetics and skeletal remains shows that the switch from primarily hunting, gathering and foraging to farming...

1400-year-old artifacts discovered in the ancient city of Uzuncaburç (Diocaesarea)

26 January 2022

26 January 2022

During the excavations carried out in a tower in the ancient city of Uzuncaburç (Diocaesarea) in Mersin province in the...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.