21 May 2024 The Future is the Product of the Past

New fortification walls discovered in the ancient city of Pergamon

2,500-year-old fortification walls were found in the Ancient City of Pergamon (Bergama), which was included in the World Heritage List by UNESCO in 2014.

Excavations were carried out in the ancient city of Pergamon, which is located 26 kilometers (16 miles) from the present coastline of the Aegean Sea and northwest of the Bergama district in Izmir province, have discovered new fortification walls to light.

Stone walls were reached within the scope of the restoration, cleaning, and research work carried out by the General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works (DSI) in the Selinos Stream surrounding the ancient city of Bergama.

In the examination made by the experts of the Pergamon Museum Directorate, it was determined that the fortification walls, which are approximately 4-5 meters high, were built in the 5th century BC to protect the city against attacks.

New fortifications discovered
Photo:  Lokman İlhan/ AA

Sociological and economic power sign

Pergamon Museum Director Nilgün Ustura told Anadolu Agency that the work carried out in and around the Ancient City of Pergamon wins new discoveries to the world of archeology every year.

Noting that the Selinos Ancient Canal Project was carried out in the river on the outskirts of the ancient city with the cooperation of official institutions, Ustura said that new finds were obtained on the 1.5-kilometer line.

Stating that the fortification walls, which date back to the 5th century BC, were built with the “polygonal” system reflecting the characteristics of the period, Ustura said:

“The Ancient Selinos Canal Restoration Project is a very long-term work. This project, which started on February 5, 2021, provides us with valuable archaeological data. This brings along very important historical inferences.”

“We have determined that the fortification walls, which we think were built in the 2nd century BC, belong to an earlier period. While we were talking about 4 kilometers long fortification walls in the 2nd century BC, we now see polygonal-type walls dating back to the 5th century BC. We guess that these walls descended to the Ancient Selinos River and were built for defensive purposes.”

Noting that the expert teams of the Pergamon Museum continue their work in the field, Ustura stated that the city walls are the product of qualified architectural work in the early period.

Pointing out that the walls ensure the security of the city, Ustura said, “The walls we have reached show sociological and economic power. The stronger you make the walls, the stronger the city will be.”

The remains of the Pergamon ancient city were first discovered in the 1870s by German engineer Carl Humann.

The ancient city featured an amphitheater that could seat 50,000 people and a theater for 30,000 people, the second largest library in the ancient world as well as the first hospital. Besides, it was home to many civilizations throughout history.

Related Articles

Return of a 4,250-year-old Hattian golden beak-spouted ewer to Turkey

27 October 2021

27 October 2021

The 4,250-year-old golden beak-spouted ewer was returned to the Anatolian Civilizations Museum by the Gilbert Art Foundation. Culture and Tourism...

New discoveries show that Claros continued to serve as an oracle center after Christianity

14 September 2022

14 September 2022

Game boards and forked cross motifs dating to the fifth and seventh centuries AD were discovered at the ancient Greek...

For the first time in Turkish history, a gold belt buckle depicted the face of a Göktürk Khagan found

19 December 2023

19 December 2023

A social complex (Külliye) and new artifacts from the Western Gokturk period were discovered in Kazakhstan. Among these items, a...

Metal Scraps were Used İnstead of Money in Bronze Age Europe

8 May 2021

8 May 2021

Bronze scrap uncovered in hoards in Europe was used as currency, according to researchers from the Universities of Göttingen and...

A new study reveals that “Bog Bodies” were part of a Millennia-old tradition

10 January 2023

10 January 2023

Archaeologists have studied hundreds of ancient “Bog Bodies” discovered in Europe’s wetlands, revealing that they were part of a millennia-old...

Britain’s oldest decoratively piece of carved wood discovered in a layer of peat

8 June 2023

8 June 2023

A heavily notched oak timber found in a peat layer during construction work turned out to be the oldest piece...

Two monumental sculpted Roman heads unearthed in Carlisle, northern England

25 May 2023

25 May 2023

Two monumental statue heads believed to be dated to the early 3rd century have been unearthed during excavations at a...

5700-year-old monumental Menga Dolmen reveals it as one of the greatest feats of Neolithic engineering

6 December 2023

6 December 2023 1

A new investigation tracing the source of the gigantic stones that make up the Menga dolmen in southern Spain reveals...

Medieval Lincoln imp found in hidden trapdoor above toilet

18 April 2024

18 April 2024

Tracy and Rory Vorster living in Lincoln, England, have discovered a trapdoor in their bathroom with a grotesque face bearing...

Excavations in Poland uncover Goth graves filled with ornate jewellery

17 August 2023

17 August 2023

A 2,000-year-old Goth burial site filled with ancient jewels has been discovered in Wda Landscape Park (Wdecki Park Krajobrazowy) near...

Mine-clearance divers discovered an ancient shipwreck dating from the 3rd century BC

25 June 2023

25 June 2023

As a result of collaborative training exercises between Croatian and Italian naval mine-clearance divers, one of the earliest fully preserved...

7.5 Million Annual Elephant Skulls Fossil Were Found in Turkey “Choerolophodon Pentelic”

17 March 2021

17 March 2021

A complete skull fossil from 7.5 million years ago was discovered on the bank of the Yamula Dam in the...

New rune discovery in Oslo

16 February 2022

16 February 2022

For the third time in a month and a half, archaeologists have found a new rune in Oslo. The artifact...

Lead sling bullet inscribed with “Julius Caesar” name found in Spain

5 January 2024

5 January 2024

A lead sling bullet inscribed with the name of Julius Caesar and the Ibero-Roman city Ipsca has been discovered in...

Twin temples linked to Hercules and Alexander the Great discovered in Sumerian city of Girsu

29 January 2024

29 January 2024

Archaeologists discovered two temples, with one buried over the other, during excavations at Girsu, a Sumerian city in southeastern Iraq...