20 April 2024 The Future is the Product of the Past

The Worst Torture Device in History “Brazen Bull”

Agrigentum Tyranny today is in the provincial borders of Agrigento in the Sicily Autonomous Region in the southwest of Sicily.

Phalaris (570-549 BC) is the most famous tyrant of the city of Agrigentum. It strengthened its army with mercenaries and expanded it was bordered to include the city of Himera.

It is thought that he made the construction plans of the city and that he constructed the most spectacular city of his time. It is said that the tyrants who came after him follow his path.

Perilaus (Perillos), an Athenian brass casting and palace sculptor bring his new work to Phalaris in to show it.

This is a shiny brass replica of a bull, but much more than just an ordinary statue ..! This hollow bull, made without a face, has a cover on its side. The victim being placed inside this bull and scorched with the heat of the metal until the bull turned red from the burning fire below. In the head of the bull, various pipes designed by Perilaus (Perillos) and some complex tools such as whistles were placed. Thanks to these instruments, the voice of the victim turned into a voice resembling the bellowing of an angry bull.

Brazen bull

The historian Diodorus Siculus wrote that Perilaus said:

“O Phalaris, if you want to punish a man, close him between the bull and light a fire under him, his moans will be thought of the bull’s bellowing, and his cries of pain will give you pleasure as he passes through the pipes in his nostrils. ”

Phalaris must have been very impressed by this narrative of the sculptor, and asks him to show this sound system. When the Perilaus enters the bull, it closes the lid and lights the fire. Thus, he learned the sound system of the invention from its real master.

Fortunately, the great tyrant gets Perilaus out of the bull before he dies. He throws Perilaus, who thinks he will probably get a reward, its jump off the cliff.

Although the number of people Tiran Phalaris killed with this bull is not recorded in historical records, it is obvious that the same invention was very popular in the Roman period.

According to rumors, Phalaris, whose crown was taken away by Telemachus, died by burning in this bull that he ordered.

Herodotus mentions that in ancient Greece, to be fried inside a bull was a well-known torture method. It is understood that torture is used as a form of execution rather than questioning within.

In Christian legends, people who were killed in this way are mentioned.

Related Articles

Researchers reveal the 4,500-year-old network of funerary avenues in Arabian Peninsula

15 January 2022

15 January 2022

Archaeologists from the University of Western Australia (UWA) have determined that people living in ancient northwest Arabia built long-distance “funerary...

3D Scans reveal details of ‘unusual’ Roman burial ritual

6 June 2023

6 June 2023

Archaeologists at the University of York, have used 3D scans to study the Roman burial practice of pouring liquid gypsum...

A monumental Etruscan tomb discovered in the necropolis of San Giuliano, north of Rome

25 February 2024

25 February 2024

After years of work, archaeologists discovered an impressive Etruscan tomb partially hidden underground in the rock-cut necropolis of San Giuliano...

A unique bone Scythian scepter from the 5th century BC was discovered in Northeast Bulgaria

1 October 2023

1 October 2023

A unique bone scepter belonging to a Scythian warlord from the 5th century BC was discovered during excavations in the...

New research, prove that Romans were breeding small bulldogs

11 June 2023

11 June 2023

Researchers have proven that breeding small brachycephalic (shorter-nosed) dogs took place already in ancient Rome. Research on a 2,000 years...

3,000-year-old weavings discovered in Alaska’s Alutiiq settlement

3 September 2023

3 September 2023

Archaeologists have uncovered fragments of woven grass artifacts estimated to be 3,000 years old during excavations at an ancestral sod...

Refurbishment at the Uffizi Gallery Revealed a Pair of Priceless Lost Renaissance Frescoes

24 April 2021

24 April 2021

A couple of construction workers discovered two Renaissance-era treasures while working on an extensive renovation project at Florence’s world-famous Uffizi...

An extraordinary archaeological discovery in Spain: A new decorated stela has been found in context, in the 3000-year-old funerary complex

15 October 2023

15 October 2023 2

Archaeologists have discovered a new decorated stela in the 3000-year-old burial complex of Las Capellanías in Cañaveral de León (Huelva,...

New Museum being Built for the Stolen Goddess Cybele in Western Turkey

12 June 2021

12 June 2021

A marble statue of the Anatolian mother goddess Cybele, which was returned to its native home of Turkey’s Afyonkarahisar will...

INAH archaeologists discovered a nose ornament made of human bone in Mexico

31 August 2023

31 August 2023

Archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) have discovered a nose ornament made of human bone in...

A cobbled ford uncovered near Evesham could be the finest Roman example of its type in Britain

19 October 2022

19 October 2022

A cobbled ford believed to be of Roman construction has been discovered near Evesham in Worcestershire, England. If the path...

New study investigates the development of the Scandinavian gene pool over the latest 2000 years

5 January 2023

5 January 2023

A new study resolves the complex relations between geography, ancestry, and gene flow in Scandinavia – encompassing the Roman Age,...

The first Bull Geoglyph discovered in central Asia

29 September 2021

29 September 2021

Archaeologists from the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Institute of History of Material Culture (IIMK RAS) and LLC Krasnoyarsk Geoarchaeology discovered...

Montenegro’s Unique Church With Two Altars is Disappearing

11 December 2023

11 December 2023

In the Spich plain, where the modern town of Sutomore in Bar, Montenegro is located, there were churches that served...

Cosmic cataclysm 1,500 years ago may have caused downfall of the Hopewell Culture

3 February 2022

3 February 2022

Researchers at the University of Cincinnati find evidence of cosmic cataclysm 1,500 years ago at 11 ancient sites in three...