13 June 2024 The Future is the Product of the Past

The Anahita Temple in western Iran is Being Restored

A restoration project has been commenced on the ancient temple of Anahita, which is located in the city of Kangavar, western Iran.

The Temple of Anahita is located in the middle of Kangavar City, Kermanshah province, on the road from Hamedan to Kermanshah.  This monument is constructed on a natural hill that rises to a maximum height of 32 meters above the surrounding terrain.

“After 20 years of silence in the Anahita Temple, a restoration project has begun on the southwestern side of this historical sanctuary,” Morteza Geravand, the director of the ancient site, announced on Tuesday.

In this part of the temple, there are four rows of 12-meter-long walls, the restoration of which is on the agenda, the official said.

“The restoration work has started on the south side of the temple from the first-row stairs with a length of 12 meters and we have placed some of the stones and capitals in place inside these stairs,” the official explained.

A restoration project has been commenced on the ancient temple of Anahita, which is located in the city of Kangavar, western Iran.
A restoration project has been commenced on the ancient temple of Anahita, which is located in the city of Kangavar, western Iran.

The Anahita Temple is the name of one of two archaeological sites in Iran popularly thought to have been attributed to the ancient deity Anahita. The larger and more widely known of the two is located at Kangavar in Kermanshah province. The other is located at Bishapur of the southern Fars province.

The architecture of this temple is similar to that of palaces and temples erected in western Iran during the Achaemenian era (550 BC to 330 BC). Large chunks of stone are chopped and fashioned into rock blocks. They are stacked on top of one another, and their shape leads them to interlock to form a mountainside wall or platform.

Anahita, which means “clean and uncontaminated,” was the goddess of water, the protector of springs and rain, and a symbol of fertility, love, and friendship in ancient Iranian mythology.

anahita-goddes
In the Iranian calendar, on the tenth day of Aban is specified as the celebration of the “Abanagan”. Abanagan is one of the Iranian celebrations in praise and prayer of the goddess Anahid or Anahita. Source

Possibly of Mesopotamian origin, her cult was made prominent by Artaxerxes II, and statues and temples were set up in her honor throughout the Persian empire.

This concept has existed in Iran since before Zoroaster and has been the focus of concern in subsequent centuries. Numerous temples and statues have been built in Iran before Islam in respect of this Iranian goddess. Furthermore, in the honor of this goddess, Pol-e Dokhtar and Qal’eh Dokhtars that have been erected across Iran have taken the name “Dokhtar.”

Anahita monuments (temples and inscriptions) may still be found at Hamedan, Shush, Kazerun, Azerbaijan, Kermanshah, and Kangavar. The Temple of Anahita in Kangavar is Iran’s most renowned Anahita temple. The height of its columns to their diagonals is three to one, making it unique and incomparable among all temples in the globe. The Temple of Anahita is the second stone building in Iran after Persepolis. The architectural style of this monument is of Arsacid style.

The temple’s columns have comparable shapes and sculptures to those seen at Persepolis and the Palace of Darius in Shush. This temple was erected in honor of “Ardevisur Anahita,” the female guardian angel of waterways. It is referred to as the “Temple of Anahita.”

This monument was registered among the national monuments in 1310 (1931) with the number 31.

Source: Tehran Times

Related Articles

Metal signature of Roman 19th Legion identified at Teutoburg battle site that shook Rome in AD9

5 December 2022

5 December 2022

Researchers in Germany have identified the metallurgic signature of the Roman 19th Legion in artifacts recovered from the Battle of...

Maltaş Temple Revealed

10 August 2021

10 August 2021

Phrygian Valley, 10 meters high monument with Phrygian scriptures inscriptions on it discovered. The unearthed Maltaş monument is actually the...

Refurbishment at the Uffizi Gallery Revealed a Pair of Priceless Lost Renaissance Frescoes

24 April 2021

24 April 2021

A couple of construction workers discovered two Renaissance-era treasures while working on an extensive renovation project at Florence’s world-famous Uffizi...

Human Relief Found at Million Stone Excavation Site in İstanbul

18 July 2021

18 July 2021

The Milion Stone (also known as the Million Stone) from the Eastern Roman period is one of important the historical...

Mustatil Structures in Arabia May Be 7,000-Year-Old Stone Remnants of Cattle Cult

1 May 2021

1 May 2021

Archaeologists examining the mustatil stone remains in the northwest of Arabia think that these stone remains may have been used...

Archaeologists Unearth Roman Archive of Ancient City of Doliche

20 November 2023

20 November 2023

Archaeologists from the Asia Minor Research Center at the University of Münster have uncovered the municipal archive in the ancient...

The 11-meter giant statue of the island of Naxos “Dionysus of Apollonas”

22 March 2023

22 March 2023

One of the two ancient marble quarries, thought to have begun the sculpture, the greatest art of antiquity, is located...

1650-Year-Old Earthen Grills Unearthed in Assos Excavations

14 August 2021

14 August 2021

Excavations continue in Assos Ancient City, a rich settlement of the period, which is located within the borders of Behramkale...

A 2,000-Year-Old Shoe Discovered in a German Bog

22 June 2021

22 June 2021

Archaeologists discovered a leather shoe that had been lost in a bog for 2,000 years and believe it may have...

Stunning carved stone depicting a mystery naked horseman is discovered at the Roman fort of Vindolanda

30 June 2021

30 June 2021

Near Hadrian’s Wall in northern England, archaeologists discovered a carved sandstone slab portraying a naked horseman. During the annual excavations...

The Ancient City of Kilistra, Cappadocia of Konya’s

1 February 2021

1 February 2021

When we talk about fairy chimneys, churches and underground cities, the first place that comes to mind is Cappadocia between...

4,000-year-old cylinder seal found in Blaundos excavations

29 September 2022

29 September 2022

A 4,000-year-old cylinder seal was found during the excavations of the ancient city of Blaundus (or Blaundos, as it is...

Skeleton Of “Spanish Monk” in Palace of Cortés Turns Out To Be An Aztec Woman

26 January 2024

26 January 2024

Recent research at the Palace of Cortés in Cuernavaca, Mexico, has revealed a grave historical error. For 50 years, it...

Remains of a Submerged Roman Harbor Discovered in Slovenia

7 March 2024

7 March 2024

Archaeologists from the Institute of Underwater Archaeology (ZAPA) have uncovered the remains of a submerged Roman harbor, off the coast...

Export barred on roundel manuscript gifted to Queen Elizabeth I by Archbishop

12 September 2022

12 September 2022

A rare presentation manuscript that Archbishop of Canterbury Matthew Parker gave to Queen Elizabeth I in 1573 has been sold...