11 August 2022 The Future is the Product of the Past

The very unknown ancient city of the Mediterranean; Syedra

Known as Turkey’s holiday paradise, the Antalya region is a treasure when it comes to ancient cities. Close to the Antalya city center, you can find wonderful sites like Perge, Xanthos, Termessos, and other Antalya sites.

A lesser-known ancient city near Antalya is Syedra, which has stunning panoramic views of the Mediterranean shore. The historic port city, in the region of ancient Cilicia, welcomes visitors on the slope of the Taurus Mountains along the Mediterranean.

The remains of the ancient city of Syedra are located near Alanya, Turkey’s most famous tourist destination. The ancient city is 20 km east of the city center. They are good proof that there are still many intriguing ruins to be uncovered in Turkey, especially so near to where millions of visitors spend their vacations each year.

The ruins of the ancient city of Syedra are surrounded by city walls and monumental rocks. Among the most important buildings that have been preserved are the impressive baths, a gymnasium, a colonnaded street, five water cisterns, an ancient temple, a Byzantine church, and an olive oil workshop.

Ancient city of Syedra. Photo: Wikipedia

 It is still possible to see the remains of Roman-era homes and workshops. Additionally, there is a fascinating cave where early Christian baptisms took place. Fragments of the frescoes that were used to adorn it may still be seen on the walls.

The history of Syedra

Syedreon was founded in the 7th century BC on the western frontier of the Cilician Region and abandoned in the 13th century AD. It is situated on a tall hill near the seashore, 400 meters above sea level.

Syedra was situated on the dividing line between Pamfilia and Cilicia, two significant geographic areas. During the Byzantine period, the city was at its peak. It fell out of favor under the Seljuk reign.

There is not a lot of information regarding the city of Syedra in the ancient texts. The Greek historian and geographer Strabo did not mention Syedra while talking about the Cilicia region. The precise information about the history of the city is that the name of the city, which was called “Syedreon” in ancient times, appeared on the coins minted during the reign of Roman Emperor Tiberius. Coins continued to be minted until the reign of Emperor Gallienus.

A view from the ruins of the ancient city of Syedra, Antalya, southern Turkey
A view from the ruins of the ancient city of Syedra, Antalya, southern Turkey.

Another certain information about the history of the city is that it constantly had to battle the pirates. In the 2nd century Karakesion (today Alanya) was constantly attacked by pirates. One of the pirates, Diadoto’s Tryphon, captured Alanya and made it his base. At the same time, the Syedra residents knew how to successfully defend themselves against the attacks. It could be due to the city’s convenient location. From here you can see large areas of the sea and the entire surrounding area.

The ancient city of Syedra is located on a vast territory. You can see a 10-meter-long street with columns of 250 meters. Numerous inscriptions containing information about sports events indicate that the city was one of the main sports centers of the region in ancient times.

There are two inscriptions that we can get an idea about the history of the city. One of them is the inscription prepared from the letters of thanks sent to the people of the city by Emperor Septimius Severus in 194 A.D. In the inscription, the emperor celebrates the people of Syedra, who resisted the bandits and heathens attacking the city. Another historical document is the inscription written to honor Claudiane Biacliane, who is believed to be one of the leading women of Syedra.

A view from the ruins of the ancient city of Syedra, Antalya, southern Turkey

Historical ruins

Syedra was a typical Roman settlement with many ruins that survived until today. The monumental gate at the entrance of the city is still standing. It is possible to see the ruins of the fortification walls surrounding the city.

The basilica structure is the first significant structure you will come upon. A massive storehouse that was utilized as a cistern may be found just below the basilica. A 250-meter-long colonnaded boulevard and several magnificent structures surround it. It was previously the city’s social hub and a gathering place for inhabitants.

The stoas here were covered with roofs to protect people from the sun and rain. A bath building is present on the city’s eastern side. Some of the mosaic flooring still exists. The imperial necropolis is located to the southwest of the city.

As you climb the hill, the view gets more magnificent. From the acropolis, you can overlook banana gardens and Alanya Castle as you stare out to sea.

How to get to Syedra Ancient City?

The ruins of Syedra are located on the top of Asar Hill, 400 meters above sea level. The nearest settlement is called Seki and belongs to the Alanya region. Syedra is located within the borders of the Seki village on the 20th kilometer of the Alanya-Gazipasa highway. Distance Syedra Alanya is 35 km.

There is no public transport to the ancient city of Syedra, and local travel agencies do not arrange travel, so you need to rent a car or walk uphill on the D400 coastal route to visit this location.

Banner
Related Post

Luxurious Feather Beds of Iron Age Warriors

27 March 2021

27 March 2021

According to a new study, two warriors from the 7th century in Sweden were buried in graves where they were...

The oldest meerschaum artifact found in Anatolia; of Çavlum Seal

18 July 2021

18 July 2021

The stamp seal unearthed during the rescue excavations of Çavlum Village on the Eskişehir Alpu Plain is the oldest meerschaum...

9,200-year-old Noongar habitation discovered at Augusta archaeological dig site

28 July 2021

28 July 2021

An archaeological dig in Augusta, in West Australia‘s South West, has uncovered evidence of Noongar habitation dating back an estimated...

Illegal digs reveal rare Roman-era mass grave in Turkey

28 July 2022

28 July 2022

A total of 27 skeletons were found in a burial pit carved into the rocks in Adıyaman province, an important...

First example of Roman crucifixion in UK discovered in Cambridgeshire village

8 December 2021

8 December 2021

In Cambridgeshire village, the earliest evidence of a Roman crucifixion has been discovered. Archaeologists investigating a previously unknown Roman roadside...

4,400 Years Old Shaman Snake Staff Found in Finland

29 June 2021

29 June 2021

A very well-preserved 4,400-year-old Shaman Snake Staff made of wood has been found in Finland. The “Snake Staff” found is...

Unique work of Minoan art, the Pylos Combat Agate must be the David of the Prehistoric era

21 November 2021

21 November 2021

Found in a Greek tomb dating back 3,500 years, the artifact is so well designed that it looks as lively...

Colossae Ancient City Excavation Works Begin

8 September 2021

8 September 2021

Excavations of the ancient city of Colossae, located in the Honaz district of Denizli province in western Turkey, are starting...

1,600-year-old steelyard weight found in Turkey’s ancient city of Hadrianopolis

1 December 2021

1 December 2021

Archeologists have discovered a 1,600-year-old steelyard weight during excavations in the ancient city of Hadrianopolis, located in the Eskipazar district...

Oldest Recorded Gynecological Treatment

7 February 2021

7 February 2021

In their latest research, scientists have come across a treatment practice in a mummy from 4000 years ago, as written...

Archaeologists have found an intriguing Iron Age “shrine” in the Yorkshire Wolds

19 September 2021

19 September 2021

Archaeologists have discovered an interesting ancient Iron Age “shrine” in the Yorkshire Wolds, which was marked out by meticulously placed...

Restoration works for ancient Arch de Triumph in Palmyra to begin

22 March 2022

22 March 2022

Restoration works of the Arch of Triumph of the Ancient City of Palmyra, which was destroyed by the terrorist organization...

A farmer discovered artifacts of the Unetice culture in his field

19 August 2021

19 August 2021

A farmer in Sulęcin county in Poland’s Lubusz province discovered a rare treasure while trying to clear stones from his...

Treasure of 1,290 Ancient Roman Coins Discovered by Amateur Archaeologist in Switzerland

16 April 2022

16 April 2022

An amateur archeologist has found a big treasure trove of over 1,290 priceless, ancient Roman coins dating back to the...

1,300-year-old shipwreck found in southwest France

19 June 2022

19 June 2022

Archeologists in France have discovered the wreck of a ship that navigated the Garonne river in southwestern France in the...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.