27 October 2021 The Future is the Product of the Past

Excavations of Aççana Mound, the Capital of the Mukish Kingdom, Continue

2021 excavations have started at Aççana Höyük, the old city of Alalah, in Hatay’s Reyhanlı district. The ancient city of Alalah was the capital of the Kingdom of Mukish, which was located in the Amik Plain in the past.

In Aççana mound, where excavations began in the 1930s by the British archaeologist Leonard Woolley, the 2021 season excavations are continuing under the chairmanship of Associate Professor Murat Akar, Head of the Department of Protohistory and Pre-Asian Archeology from the Hatay Mustafa Kemal University (MKU).

Head of Aççana mound, Associate Professor Murat Akar, told Anadolu Agency (AA) that Alalah is one of the most important archaeological settlements in the Amik Plain, where traces of the Bronze Age can be unearthed.

Akar gave information about the mound, whose history dates back 4,000 years, and said:

“The Late Bronze Age is a period of the emergence of great empires. We are in a period when the Hittite Empire in Anatolia, the Egyptian Empire in the south, and the Mitanni Empire on the Euphrates and Tigris axis existed. The most important point where the traces of the wars, diplomatic agreements, and commercial relations of these great empires with each other can be followed in this period is the Amik Plain. In other words, the Hittite Empire wants to be an effective power in the Amik Plain, as do the Egyptian and Mitanni empires. One of the biggest reasons for this is the agricultural richness of the Amik Plain, which is one of the most important features also the present day. This is a geography that we can define as a food store for great empires.”

the Kingdom of Mukish
Excavations of Alalah (Aççana Höyük), the capital of the 4,000-year-old Mukish Kingdom, continue. Photo: Lale Köklü Karagöz / AA

“Another reason is its geopolitical importance, that is, it is located on all trade routes and interacts with all Eastern Mediterranean cultures with its connection to the sea. For this reason, in the studies we conducted here, we see the traces of the domination of the Mitanni Empire in certain layers of the city, and in the following periods, we see that the city came under the control of the Hittites.”

Akar stated that in the ancient DNA researches they have carried out in recent years, they have obtained very important data on human mobility due to migration and trade that took shape in the international age.

Analyzes of human skeletons revealed that the individuals were representative of the local population.

Stating that they have examined many human skeletons so far, Akar continued his words as follows:

“The Amik Plain is the center of international activity of the Bronze Age, but according to our analysis of the majority of the human skeletons found in the tombs we uncovered here, these individuals represent the local population. In fact, this shows us the role and importance of the local people of the region in the international arena of the period, which is extremely exciting for us. Because while we were doing this study, we wanted to ask the following about this period when the international activity of the Late Bronze Age was experienced; (If all the individuals we uncovered during the excavations at Aççana Mound if all individuals describe the local community, where are the foreigners, for example, the Hittites who came to this region?) This is part of our work.”

Stating that the excavations in the region have been going on for 21 years and that they are trying to understand the temple and the urban texture shaped around the temple with the excavations, Akar said, “Because we are in an excavation area where we can obtain rich data from service buildings to workshops and working places needed to keep the temple alive. In this area where we have been working since 2012, we are trying to understand the development of the city in different cultural layers and its relationship with the temples.” used the phrases.

Banner
Related Post

A Chapel was Found Under the Madonna Tal-Hniena Church in Qrendi, Malta

21 May 2021

21 May 2021

Underneath the Madonna Tal-Hniena church in the village of Qrendi in the south of Malta, the remains of an ancient...

To The West of Turkey Ancient Quarry Found

28 March 2021

28 March 2021

Turkey is very lucky in terms of ancient settlements. It is home to many unexplored artifacts, along with well-preserved ancient...

Göbeklitepe Monolith will be Exhibited in the United Nations

15 May 2021

15 May 2021

A copy of one of the famous ruins of Göbeklitepe, known as the oldest temple in the world, will be...

Part of The ‘Missing Link’ in Human Migration may have been Found in Kaldar Cave

3 April 2021

3 April 2021

Kaldar cave is an important archaeological site that provides evidence for the transition from the Middle and Upper Paleolithic Ages...

Arrowhead from the Biblical Battle Discovered in the Hometown of the Giant Goliath’s

30 May 2021

30 May 2021

A bone arrowhead discovered in the ancient Philistine city of Gath might have been used fired off by the city’s...

Climate Change Negatively Impacts 45 000-year-old Cave Paintings in Indonesia

13 May 2021

13 May 2021

Cave paintings from 20,000 to 50,000 years ago in Indonesia are in danger of extinction due to climate change. Indonesia...

From Researchers, a New İnterpretation of Norse Religion

26 February 2021

26 February 2021

Recent research on pre-Christian Norse religions shows that the variation in Norse religions is far greater than previously imagined. Ten...

A 2000-year-old Rare Artifact was Found Near Poltava

25 May 2021

25 May 2021

Scarab beetle pendant found near the Ukrainian city of Poltava. During the building of the H-31 motorway in the Poltava...

The 2000-year-old origin mystery of the Etruscans solved

25 September 2021

25 September 2021

A genetic analysis of DNA taken from ancient skeletons appears to have answered a conundrum that has captivated researchers for...

1,800 Years Old Woman Sculpture in the Ancient City of Metropolis

16 June 2021

16 June 2021

On 12 June, Turkish officials announced the discovery of an 1800-year-old statue of a woman in Izmir. An 1800-year-old statue...

The Half of the Rare Oil Lamp Found in Jerusalem May be in Budapest

9 May 2021

9 May 2021

We had recently reported on a grotesque lamp found in Jerusalem. The other half of the oil lamp, which is...

Thousand-Year-Old Christian Viking-era Graves Found in Sweden

28 June 2021

28 June 2021

Seven Christian tombs dating to the Viking Age have been found at Sigtuna. According to archaeologists, the tombs date to...

Researchers sequenced the DNA 1,600-year-old sheep mummy from an ancient Iranian salt mine, Chehrabad

16 July 2021

16 July 2021

A multinational team of geneticists and archaeologists sequenced the DNA from a 1,600-year-old sheep mummy discovered from Chehrabad, a salt...

Viking Family identified using New DNA Technology

9 June 2021

9 June 2021

Researchers were able to confirm the connection between two Viking remains discovered in Denmark and England thanks to new DNA...

Artifacts for sale offered at a Dutch auction house returned to Peru

9 July 2021

9 July 2021

The Dutch government announced in a press release today that the artifacts that were put up for sale at an...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *