26 May 2024 The Future is the Product of the Past

1.8-million-year-old ‘human tooth’ discovered in Georgia

An ancient human tooth discovered by archaeologists in Georgia dates back 1.8 million years, firmly establishing the area as the site of one of the earliest prehistoric human settlements in Europe and possibly the world outside of Africa.

A 1.8-million-year-old jaw tooth and fourth premolar tooth belonging to an early human species were found in Kvemo Orozmani, a village in the Dmanisi Municipality of Kvemo Kartli region of Georgia.

The tooth was found near the village of Kvemo Orozmani, where human skulls dating back 1.8 million years were discovered in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

These finds were the world’s oldest such discovery outside of Africa, and they altered scientists’ understanding of early human evolution and migration patterns.

Experts say the latest discovery at a site 20 kilometers away provides further evidence that the mountains of the South Caucasus may have been one of the first places early humans settled after migrating from Africa.

A 1.8-million-year-old Homo tooth was found in Orozman. Photo: Giorgi Bidzinashvili

The tooth was discovered on Thursday, according to the National Research Centre of Archaeology and Prehistory of Georgia. In the statement, “Orozmani, together with Dmanisi, represents the center of the oldest distribution of old humans – or early Homo – in the world outside Africa,” it was said.

Giorgi Bidzinashvili, the scientific leader of the dig team, said, “This discovery is the most important thing that could happen at an archaeological site – we found a direct human remains in the form of the fourth premolar of the lower jaw. At first glance, he looks like an adult individual. and gender etc. it is difficult to determine, but together with paleoanthropologists, we can say with certainty that this is indeed an archaic human mandibular tooth. Most likely Homo erectus. However, anthropological research will make this certain for us”.

Giorgi Bidzinashvili, moreover considers the tooth belonged to a “cousin” of Zezva and Mzia, the names given to two near-complete 1.8-million-year-old fossilized skulls found at Dmanisi.

A partial jaw discovered in modern-day Ethiopia is the world’s oldest Homo fossil, dating back around 2.8 million years.

Homo erectus, a hunter-gatherer species thought to be the ancestor of modern humans, is thought to have left Africa about two million years ago. Although 2.1 million-year-old tools have been found in modern-day China, the oldest early human remains ever discovered outside of Africa were found at the Georgian sites.

Related Articles

Assyrian Art at Getty Villa

22 June 2021

22 June 2021

The Getty Villa in Malibu, California’s arts complex is showcasing superbly-restored gypsum reliefs from the Assyrian Empire’s palaces for its...

‘Miniature Pompeii’ found beneath Astra cinema in Verona

15 June 2021

15 June 2021

Archaeologists have uncovered a “miniature Pompeii” in the shape of a well-preserved ancient edifice near Verona, Italy. An old Roman...

Archaeologists Unearthed Third Greatest Fire Temple Existing in Ancient Iran’s Sassanid Era

11 July 2022

11 July 2022

Archaeologists have unearthed ruins of what they believe to be the third-greatest fire temple in ancient Iran during the Sassanid...

Fossils of sea creatures 35 million years old discovered in eastern Turkey

17 August 2021

17 August 2021

In Turkey’s eastern province of Mus, a team of researchers discovered fossils of sea creatures estimated to be 35 million...

Archaeologists uncovered a second mosaic in Rutland Roman villa in England

29 November 2022

29 November 2022

Archaeologists report they have uncovered a second mosaic at the site of the 2020 mosaic discovery at the Roman villa...

2,700-Year-Old Pre-Roman Iron Age necropolis Unearthed in Naples, Italy

8 May 2024

8 May 2024

An approximately 2,700-year-old Pre-Roman necropolis was discovered by archaeologists during excavations conducted in advance of a planned electric power plant...

Incredible Mayan Inventions and Achievements

31 July 2022

31 July 2022

The Mayans excelled at agriculture, pottery, writing, calendars, and arithmetic, leaving an incredible quantity of spectacular architecture and symbolic artwork...

Radiocarbon dating makes it possible for the first time to check the extent to which archaeological findings match historical events from written sources

17 November 2023

17 November 2023

Researchers from the Austrian Academy of Sciences have published a new radiocarbon dataset for Tel Gezer, one of the most...

The oldest Celtic Dice ever discovered in Poland

24 September 2023

24 September 2023

A dice, probably dating from the 3rd and early 2nd centuries BC, was discovered at the Celtic settlement of Samborowice...

In Oman, a 4,000-year-old Early Bronze Age settlement was unearthed

25 January 2022

25 January 2022

A large settlement dating back more than 4,000 years has been discovered in Oman. Archaeological excavations in the Wilayat of Rustaq,...

New Neolithic structure unearthed at Tas-Silġ in Malta

8 October 2021

8 October 2021

Archaeologists excavating at Tas-Silġ in Marsaxlokk have discovered the remains of another Neolithic structure, Heritage Malta said. The discovery substantially...

2000-year-old quarry discovered in Jerusalem that could be the source of Second temple stones

5 September 2021

5 September 2021

Archaeologists have discovered a 2,000-year-old quarry in Har Hotzvim, now an industrial park in Jerusalem. The Israel Antiquities Authority said...

Archaeologists Discovered a New Pyramid Resembling Teotihuacán in Tikal

17 April 2021

17 April 2021

Researchers discovered a new pyramid complex in the Tikal in Guatemala. About 65 km south of El Mirador in the...

The Stolen Frescoes were Returned to the Pompeii Archaeological Park

20 May 2021

20 May 2021

Six frescoes ripped from the remains of ancient Roman villas years ago have been returned to the Pompeii archaeological site,...

A relief of a man holding his Phallus was found in Sayburç, one of the Taş Tepeler

18 October 2021

18 October 2021

In Sayburç, one of the Taş Tepeler in Şanlıurfa, a five-figure scene consisting of humans, leopards, and a bull was...