22 September 2021 The Future is the Product of the Past

In Ryazan, the first birch bark letters were discovered

The first birch bark letters were found at the Vvedensky excavation site in the Kremlin in Pereyaslavl Ryazan (modern Ryazan).

The length of the letters is 8 cm, width – 2.5–3 cm. Two lower lines of the text have survived (the first upper line is partially cut off). The letters comes from the layers of the second half of the 15th century, from the territory of one of the properties in the western part of the excavation.

The hypothetical paleographic dating of the letter is 14th-15th-15th. at the turn of the century.

The Vvedensky excavation site is located in the southeastern part of the Kremlin, which, according to written sources, was developed later than the northwestern part, and was originally outside the city limits, i.e. it was actually a posad.

Thus, Pereyaslavl Ryazan became the 13th city to found birch bark letters.

Birch bark letters
Birch bark letters. Photo: Ras

What are birch bark documents?

These are usually brief inscriptions written, or rather carved, on the bark of the birch tree, which grows abundantly in northern Russia. Letters (and occasionally images) are scratched into the birch bark using a sharp device called a stylos; no ink is generally used, thus there is little chance of the ink fading over the lengthy period of time since these texts were written. And it’s a long time because the majority of Novgorod birch bark letters date from the late 11th to early 15th centuries (this would roughly correspond to the Middle English period).

Where the birch bark letter is located
Where the birch bark letter is located. Photo: RAS

The first birch bark document was discovered on July 26, 1951; since then, considerably over a thousand similar documents have been discovered.

The finding of birch bark documents written by individuals of both sexes, of all ages, and of diverse social positions altered perceptions of northern Russia’s literacy rates.

For more information on birch documentation, you can visit Languages Of The World.

Institute of Archaeology RAS

Banner
Related Post

Angkor Wat Reopens

26 April 2021

26 April 2021

After being temporarily closed on April 7 to prevent the spread of Covid-19 to locals, Apsara National Authority and Angkor...

Statue of Roman Emperor Hadrianus found in western Turkey

14 September 2021

14 September 2021

Excavations in the ancient city of Alabanda in the western province of Aydin have uncovered pieces of the statue of...

Urartian graves in eastern Turkey pointing out novel burial traditions

21 September 2021

21 September 2021

The excavations in Cavuştepe castle continue with the excavations in the necropolis this year. Two new tombs from the Urartian...

After 150 years, Schliemann’s destruction in Troy was repaired

8 August 2021

8 August 2021

Heinrich Schliemann, a German businessman, excavated the ancient city of Troy in northwest Canakkale province 150 years ago. Archaeologists are...

7 Gold Pendants Found Buried by Ancient Scandinavian Elites as a Sacrifice to the Gods

13 May 2021

13 May 2021

7 gold necklaces were found in a field near the Norwegian municipality of Østfold County Rade. Researchers believe that these...

Nearly intact 1,800-year-old bouquets of flowers found in Teotihuacan

14 August 2021

14 August 2021

In the ruined city of Teotihuacan, Mexico, at a depth of 18 meters, inside the tunnel under the pyramid of...

Egyptian archaeologists found 110 ancient tombs in the Nile Delta

28 April 2021

28 April 2021

The Tourism and Antiquities Ministry announced Tuesday that Egyptian archaeologists had discovered 110 burial tombs on the Nile Delta dating...

Hima, a rock art site in Saudi Arabia, added to the UNESCO World Heritage List

24 July 2021

24 July 2021

The rock art site Hima in Najran has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, becoming the sixth registered...

Paleontologists have discovered a new species of giant rhino

18 June 2021

18 June 2021

Paleontologists studying in China have found a new species of gigantic rhinoceros, the world’s biggest land animal. According to a...

Visit Baalbek’s Famous Temples with a Free 3d Virtual Tour

10 April 2021

10 April 2021

Baalbek, which has traces of settlement since 9000 BC, was one of the cornerstones of ancient civilizations. The famous Baalbek temple...

7.5 Million Annual Elephant Skulls Fossil Were Found in Turkey “Choerolophodon Pentelic”

17 March 2021

17 March 2021

A complete skull fossil from 7.5 million years ago was discovered on the bank of the Yamula Dam in the...

Researchers find 3,000-year-old shark attack victim in Japan

24 June 2021

24 June 2021

In a paper published today, Oxford-led researchers reveal their discovery of a 3,000-year-old victim—attacked by a shark in the Seto...

10,000-year-old rock art discovered in the Indian village of Medikonda

3 July 2021

3 July 2021

Rock art containing tiger, human and animal figures was found at the Jogulamba Gadwal site in Telangana, India. The New...

9,200-year-old Noongar habitation discovered at Augusta archaeological dig site

28 July 2021

28 July 2021

An archaeological dig in Augusta, in West Australia‘s South West, has uncovered evidence of Noongar habitation dating back an estimated...

Archaeologists Unearth Carolingian Silver Treasure Hoard

6 May 2021

6 May 2021

A silver treasure hoard from the 9th century AD has been discovered in Poland‘s Osa and Drwęca basin. The hoard...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *