25 September 2022 The Future is the Product of the Past

Getting to Know Matar Kubilea

Hittite state’s, With its collapse in 1200-1190 BC, Anatolia entered a period of drift from holistic to dispersal. (The Hittite state’s gathering of small city kingdoms under its own rule was the foundation of the union that started in Anatolia.) There are many theories about this collapse. One of the most important of these is that there are climatic changes. We know how important sudden climate changes are in human life. States with agriculture-based economies such as Hittites cannot be expected to be unaffected by these changes. It has a great role not only in climate changes but also in problems such as the change of internal dynamics, political conflicts, and the northern neighbor Gashka / Kaska.

Following the collapse of the Hittite empire, many different ethnic groups came to Anatolia. Balkan / Thracian immigrants who started to come to Anatolia from the Balkans in this period draws attention. The that stand out from this ethnic group are Mysler, Bythins and Phrgy. The effects of these tribes are so decisive that the names of the regions in the middle and northwest of Anatolia were named after them in ancient times.

So, in general, what did the Phrygians we mentioned above believe? How were their religious beliefs?

The Phrgyys religion appears to be monotheistic at first sight. At the head of their religious belief is a goddess named “Matar”, that is, “Mother”. Although Matar is known by different names, it is mostly called Matar Kubilea, Matar Areyastin, Agdistis (Stone woman).

In fact, Matar Kubilea is not a foreign goddess to Anatolia. She is a known and respected goddess in Anatolia since the Early Neolithic age. It means abundance for Anatolia. Late Hittites named him Kubaba, Helenler Meter Magale and Kybele, Romans Magna Mater (Great Mother) they said.

For Phrygians, Matar Kubilea is a goddess of nature, ruler of foreign animals (Potnia Theron), protector of cities and young girls. Matar Kubilea sits on high mountains and cliffs for Phrygians. The name Kubilea means mountain in Phrygian / Phrygians. The Mother goddess, who has represented abundance in Anatolia since the Early Neolithic times, serves the same purpose in Phrygs. It has qualities that represent all vitality, abundance, and fertility in nature.

Since she is the only goddess shown as iconography in Phrygian works, it is not difficult to understand her importance at all. The mother goddess depicted in the reliefs has a high headdress (Polos) and long clothes on it. She stops in the doorway and a bird of prey in her hand is sometimes depicted with two lions.

In the spring, the Phrygs held special rituals for this goddess. For these rituals, they built open-air temples just like in Yazılıkaya (Boğazköy). If we want to count the most important of these, the ones in the Great Temple in Midas City and the Small Unfinished Temple, Arslankaya, Arezastis, Big and Small Kübi Rock, Bahşiş, Maltaş and Kumcaboğaz should be counted. It is still possible to see the mother goddess in long garments in these depictions shown in high relief techniques.

Located at the entrance of Büyükkale and having steps carved out of the rock in Midas city, the monument is the most beautiful altars built for the Mother Goddess. In some depictions of the mother goddess, two musicians are seen next to it.

The Phrygians probably acquired this belief after their friendship with Pipiris, one of the Late Hittite Kings, during the reign of Midas, also known as the great king. Maybe the reason why is adopted and loved so much is that these people of Thracian origin is to carry a breeze from the land come from.

Banner
Related Post

Discoveries on the island of Minorca shed light on the history of Roman conquests in the Balearic Islands

31 July 2021

31 July 2021

The University of Alicante Institute for Archeology and Historical Heritage (INAPH) Researchs discovered a collection of buried Roman antiquities going...

Mysterious Handprints Found in the Ancient Mayan Cave

1 May 2021

1 May 2021

In Mexico, home to ancient civilizations such as the Maya, Aztec, and Inca, archaeologist Sergio Grosjean found dozens of mysterious...

Archaeologists have found a previously unknown Roman city with buildings of monumental proportions in Spain’s Aragon Region

17 July 2022

17 July 2022

Archaeologists from the University of Zaragoza in Spain have discovered a previously unknown Roman city with buildings of monumental proportions....

Private lodges were uncovered in the colosseum of the ancient city of Pergamon

24 September 2021

24 September 2021

Private lodges built for the elite-class people to watch gladiator or wild animal fights shows have been unearthed in the...

A Gold Mourning Ring Found on The Isle of Man

21 April 2021

21 April 2021

The ring found with a metal detector on the Isle of Man in December 2020 will be exhibited in the...

Trian Fountain to Be Revived After 1900 Years

17 April 2021

17 April 2021

The Trian fountain in the ancient city of Laodikeia in Denizli will be revived after 1900 years. CHP’s Merkezefendi Municipality...

A woman who had brain surgery 9500 years ago will be brought revived

12 September 2021

12 September 2021

A “revival” effort is underway on a woman’s skull unearthed in 1989 during archaeological digs at the Aşıklı Mound in...

New fibula types discovered at prehistoric Kopilo graves in Bosnia

26 August 2022

26 August 2022

An archaeological dig at Kopilo, a hill settlement founded around 1300 BC about 70 miles west of Sarajevo, has discovered...

Remnants of ancient fire temple discovered in heart of Alborz mountains in Iran

26 June 2021

26 June 2021

An Iranian archaeology team has discovered relics of an ancient fire temple in Savadkuh county, located in the center of...

Hellenic and Roman statue heads unearthed in Knidos

9 December 2021

9 December 2021

Hellenic and Roman sculpture heads were unearthed in the ancient Carian settlement Knidos, located in the Datça district of Muğla...

600 Years Old Sword and Equipment Found in Olsztyn

22 April 2021

22 April 2021

Aleksander Miedwiediew, a history buff, and detectorist discovered a bare sword, a sheath, and a knight’s belt with two knives...

The impressive Statue of young Hercules unearthed in Philippi, Northern Greece

24 September 2022

24 September 2022

A larger-than-life youthful Hercules statue dating to the 2nd century A.D. have been found in the ancient city of Philippi...

Turkey’s Urartian Altıntepe Castle transforms into open museum

25 May 2022

25 May 2022

Altıntepe Castle, one of the most important centers of the Urartians and the Eastern Roman Empire, is now set to...

Pandemics Determined the Fate of Wars in Ancient Times

7 April 2021

7 April 2021

Epidemics have been one of the factors affecting the fate of wars throughout history. Epidemics have sometimes turned the fate...

Zeugma of the Black Sea to be will Restore

8 February 2021

8 February 2021

Hadrianaupolis Antique City is located 3 km west of Eskiyapar district of Karabük. This ancient city has been known as...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.